Shaher Ismail Al Shaher – Associate Professor School of International Studies Sun Yat-Sen University
Democratic Arab Center
Journal of Afro-Asian Studies Third Issue – October 2019
A Periodical International Journal published by the “Democratic Arab Center” Germany – Berlin. The journal deals with the field of Afro-Asian strategic, political and economic studies
China’s foreign policy toward Syria was based on the crossroads of interests and ideology, both of which were and remain the original determinants of China’s foreign policy, which is rooted in Chinese political thought. Between the geopolitical and economic importance of Syria to China, and China’s persistent policy of refusing to interfere in the internal affairs of countries, as well as achieving justice and return of rights, Beijing has been able to put the features of its foreign policy towards Syria in full harmony with its national interests and defend the principles it believes in, which formed a special identity of Chinese politics.China’s position of the war on Syria, in addition to considerations of interest and ideology, was based on China’s pursuit of preserving and strengthening its influence in the equation of international power balances in the Middle East. Beijing has become one of the main poles in the world, and the development of China’s foreign policy towards Syria is a reflection of China’s rising position and strength. When the war against Syria began, China’s position on the Syrian state was positive and constructive, considering that what is happening in Syria is an armed conflict between the legitimate state and extremist outlaw armed groups, and welcomed the efforts to resolve the Syrian crisis peacefully within the framework of the Geneva Conference. According to Beijing, Damascus is an “ideological exception” in the Middle East, in terms of the fashions of thoughts and framed ideological options of the state and Syrian politics, as well as the cultural diversity of Syrian society and its cultural and social variety.