Abdessamad El Harchiche – Researcher in Political Science University Mohammed V Rabat, Department of Public Law Morocco
Democratic Arab Center
Journal of Afro-Asian Studies Third Issue – October 2019
A Periodical International Journal published by the “Democratic Arab Center” Germany – Berlin. The journal deals with the field of Afro-Asian strategic, political and economic studies
Mobilizations in Western Sahara around natural resources are sources of tensions and conflicts between Morocco and the Polisario Front for obvious reasons. This article allows us to understand profoundly the causes of mobilizations in Western Sahara and its effects on the population. Then, we tried to highlight the causes of the events that occurred in Western Sahara relating to the management of natural resources between the actors in the conflict namely Morocco and the Polisario Front who make a tremendous effort to be heard in the international bodies that have been working for many years on this issue. In this sense, this study allows us to demonstrate clearly the discourse of both parties which refers to the management of natural resources because of mobilizations occurred in Western Sahara. In addition, the Polisario Front does not stop denouncing at the national and the international level the extraction and the exploitation of the natural resources in Western Sahara. From a methodological point of view, in order to tackle the questions raised in this article, we used the Sociological Neo-Institutionalism and Historical Neo-institutionalism. This theoretical framework is the most relevant paradigm that has helped us to understand in depth the causes and the impact of mobilizations in Western Sahara around natural resources.