Research studies

Institutional quality and economic growth in Africa

La qualité des institutions et la croissance économique en Afrique

Prepared by the researcher – Sarra BEN SALAH – P.Mohamed Tlili HAMDI

Source – Democratic Arab Center

International Journal of Economic Studies : Tenth Issue – March 2020

A Periodical International Journal published by the “Democratic Arab Center” Germany – Berlin

Nationales ISSN-Zentrum für Deutschland
ISSN 2569-7366
International Journal of Economic Studies

:To download the pdf version of the research papers, please visit the following link

https://democraticac.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AC%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B4%D8%B1-%D8%A2%D8%B0%D8%A7%D8%B1-%E2%80%93-%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%B3-2020.pdf

Résumé :

 Notre travail consiste à étudier le rôle des institutions formelles (institutions politiques, institutions économiques, institutions légales) dans la croissance économique pour 16 pays africains durant la période 2000-2014. Cette étude propose,aussi, à tirer quelques enseignements en matière de réforme des cadres institutionnels de ces pays.Donc, on procédant à une évaluation économétrique,en appliquant le modèle logit,et on construisant un indice composite (afin de mesurer les institutions formelles),les résultats prouvent que les institutions formelles ont un impact positif mais faible. En outre, en calculant les indices de réforme institutionnelle, les résultats prouvent que la réforme des institutions économiques est plus prometteuse à l’augmentation de la croissance économique.

Abstract:

 This paper studies the role of formal institutions (political institutions, economic institutions, legal institutions) in economic growth of 16 African countries during the period between 2000 and 2014. Also, this study provides samples of reform of the institutional frameworks in these countries. Infact, we deal with an economic evaluation applying the logit model, we construct a composite index (to measure formal institutions). Ourresults show that the formal institutions have a positive but weak impact. In addition, the calculation of the institutional reform indices, prove that a reform of economic institutions is crucial to increase economic growth.

JEL Classification: O17, O43, O55.

المركز الديمقراطى العربى

المركز الديمقراطي العربي مؤسسة مستقلة تعمل فى اطار البحث العلمى والتحليلى فى القضايا الاستراتيجية والسياسية والاقتصادية، ويهدف بشكل اساسى الى دراسة القضايا العربية وانماط التفاعل بين الدول العربية حكومات وشعوبا ومنظمات غير حكومية.

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